lecture_3b_civil_liberties

lecture_3b_civil_liberties - Learning Objectives After this...

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  Learning Objectives After this lecture, you will be able to: 1. Explain the difference between civil rights and civil liberties 2. Explain the meaning of the 1 st Amendment 3. Explain why the Bill of Rights originally only limited the federal government. 4. Explain why the Bill of Rights limits state government also 5. Explain the concept of “selective incorporation.” 6. Explain when the Courts have permitted the government to limit individual liberties 7. Explain the difference between the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause 8. Explain whether the courts have made it harder or easier to limit freedom of speech. 9. Describe how the rights of the accused have changed over the last 60 years
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1. Civil Rights vs. Civil Liberties A. Civil rights: Equality of rights for all people regardless of race, gender, ethnicity, age, or sexual preference. 1) Voting, Jobs, Education, etc. B. Civil liberties 1) Prohibits government from preventing expression of political preferences 2) Prevents government from restricting inalienable (natural) rights
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a) First Amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. (1) Congress cannot pass laws that help or hurt any religion.
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lecture_3b_civil_liberties - Learning Objectives After this...

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