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Afro cuban music in the US

Afro cuban music in the US - Afro cuban music in the US...

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Afro cuban music in the US Most important contributors in the US to mainstream popular music and cultural identity markers for Latin/Hispanic American and Latin/Hispanic: Cubans, carrabian latinos (carribenos) Mexicans, Mexican americans, central americans and south americans Roots: africa and spain; American idians carrab tieno arrowack (inhabitants of carribian islands when spain first encounters 15 c) because immediate population decrease from European diseases, over work and psychological hopelessness=little cultural influence Their music we only know from ethnocentric biased accounts from the time, and Indian music today that we assume is from them. Maracas (rattles) and guiro (gour scraper) (amberindian names) The Spanish needed labor to fulfill their ambitions of extracting riches from “the indies” and to fill the vacuum created by the Amerindian holocaust they had brought about they began importing African slaves, and Cuban music shows identifiable influences from specific west and central African cultures The slave trade increased when large scale sugar plantations developed in the 18 th century. Successful sugar cultivation require heat lots of water and is very labor intensive Over 4 centuries millions of African slaves were imported, especially to these hot rainy areas in the new world such as the Caribbean and the hot rainy costal areas of central America and northern south America. It is for this reason that so many of the musics of these places such as: cumbia of Colombia, samba of brazil, meringue in mering bomba of Puerto rico, calypso of trenidad, show strong African influence. In the US we didn’t and don’t find rhythms music and dance forms or instruments as African as in latin American The importation of slaves to US became illegal in early 19 th c, much earlier than in cuba and brazil Slaves from assorted ethnic/language backgrounds were deliberately mixed together to make communication and rebellion more difficult US Protestantism was much less tolerant of the observance of traditional African religion, which often involved drumming and dancing than latin American catholic Thus, for the most part US musical “africanism” are embedded within European musical forms, dances, and performance styles American forms such as blues, boogie woogie r&b and black gospel music show strong African influence, but are played on piano, organs and sax (European instruments) and work within European harmonic and rhythem existence. In other places such as cuba brazil ect. we can find very African looking dances such as samba, rumba Cuban (hip elbow and shoulder movements on African instruments barrow shaped drums played in African manner)
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Download “el tocoloro (the singing bird) by los muñequitos de matanzas In the US we can only find this type of thing from immigrants or in university ethnomusicology programs Direct musical influence from spain upon the US during 19-10th c was minimal This is because spain didn’t supply many immigrants and importation of African slaves dwindled during early 19th c. thus African musical influence on US developed internally. Primarly
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Afro cuban music in the US - Afro cuban music in the US...

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