L.2.1.Obedience - Obedience Obedience Obedience: Compliance...

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Obedience
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Obedience Obedience: Compliance with the directives or orders of an authority figure Soldiers taking orders Employees doing what the boss tells them to Students doing assignments Stanley Milgram’s experiment is big example Note: Milgram didn’t use random assignment to conditions, technically not an experiment But nonetheless did study different conditions
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Background An ancient concern from the Old Testament to now Abraham and Isaac God commanded Abraham to bind and kill Isaac God intervened at the last minute Abraham earned his esteem in God’s eyes through his faith, worship, and obedience
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Background Obedience has some obvious virtue Allows for social order, and avoidance of the state of nature Which is…”solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” Helps in the division of labor, maintenance of large organizations, bureaucracies For some in antiquity, “obedience” was the most basic social requirement “Both in war and in the law, you must do whatever your city and your country commands, or else persuade it in accordance with universal justice; violence is a sin against your country.” – Plato “Honor thy father and thy mother.” – Colossians 3:20-21 Obedience remains central to Eastern cultural values (e.g. “filial piety”) But perhaps on the decline in the East as well as the West?
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Milgram Experiment, Basic Design Conducted at Yale University in New Haven, CT 1960-1963 Participants were adult males, age 20-50 Age and occupational background controlled across conditions Participants told they were in a learning experiment with learner/teacher roles randomly drawn Learner strapped into an electric chair Teacher told to read and test learner on a series of word pairs
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Learner gets several answers wrong, teacher administers shocks As level of shock increases, so do grunts and shouts of pain At 180 volts learner says he can’t stand pain, at 300 volts he refuses to answer Experimenter orders teacher to continue “The experiment requires you continue.” “You have no choice, you must continue.” How many participants went to the 30 th level, “Danger: Severe Shock XXX,” 450 volts? E
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L.2.1.Obedience - Obedience Obedience Obedience: Compliance...

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