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L.2.2.2.Roles&ID, Goffman

L.2.2.2.Roles&ID, Goffman - ErvingGoffman Identity...

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     Erving Goffman
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Identity Definition: Different “selves” that an individual may take on in social interaction d The overall self is organized into multiple identities Levels of identity d Personal identities (personality) d Approaches to interpersonal behavior (introverted, polite) d Emotional or psychological traits (optimistic, moody) d Role identities (roles) d Positions in groups d Student, friend, mother, etc. d Social identities (groups) d Self-meanings in terms of groups to which one belongs (nationality, race/ethnicity, political party, etc.)
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Personal Identities (not covered in class) d Role Identities, some basic principles Role Conflict d When two roles are present in a situation we experience dissonance and frustration “Being Sane in an Insane Place” d Role expectations affect how you are perceived Zimbardo study (Stanford Prison Experiment) d Roles constrain and direct behavior d Subtle cues go a long way d “The power of the situation” d The Thomas Theorem d Roles can have real effects on a person
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Erving Goffman 1922-1982 At Berkeley, 1958-68 Role theorist, and much more d Proposed “Dramaturgical Analysis”
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