L.2.4.Southern Culture of Honor

L.2.4.Southern Culture of Honor - The Southern Culture of...

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The Southern Culture of Honor
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The Problem The South is more violent than the rest of the country The difference is concentrated among white males But why? Poverty/Inequality Legacy of slavery Temperature Culture of Honor?
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The Problem The Southern Culture of Honor In cultures of honor, violence is used to defend one’s own and family honor Most likely to emerge when… Individual is at economic risk from others The state is weak and insufficient Where did the Southern one come from? Hard to say; Nisbett and Cohen theorize that…. Cultures of honor common among herders Herding requires proving willingness to defend property South was settled by herders, Scotch-Irish, but North was settled by farmers
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The Problem South was also historically rural, low population density Contributed to weak state South = deep South plus WV, TN, KY But much of West is culturally similar TX, OK, Mountain states Patterns of Crime Higher murder rate Especially argument-related murders, rather than felony-related Less true in Southern cities
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The Problem South has different attitudes towards violence Greater support for murder to defend self, home, family Greater support for police violence In vignettes, Southerners support more violence in response to… Leering at someone’s wife, insulting wife’s morals Also in vignettes, Southerners more approving of hitting a drunk after being bumped accidentally Southerners more supportive of physical punishment of children
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The Problem South has different attitudes towards violence, cont’d More Southerners buy and carry guns Support free access to guns Believe guns make homes safer But how can we be sure that Southerners are more violent due to the culture of honor? Perhaps challenge Southern and Northern men’s honor and see if they respond differently
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Study 1: The “Asshole” Study Procedure (Study 1a) Northern and Southern white males recruited for study at Univ. of Michigan Given questionnaire and asked to go down long, narrow hallway Confed at file cabinet let P pass When P finished survey and came back down hall, Confed bumped into him and called him an “asshole” Half of P’s were not bumped
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Study 1: The “Asshole” Study Procedure (Study 1a) Two planted witnesses coded P’s response Anger/Amusement P’s were then given a story scenario to complete wherein a someone hits on a man’s girlfriend at a party Results Southerners showed less amusement and more anger upon being bumped Southerners were more likely to complete story with violence
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course C 150a taught by Professor Willer during the Fall '10 term at Berkeley.

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L.2.4.Southern Culture of Honor - The Southern Culture of...

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