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Lecture_1 - SOC SOC 1101 Introduction to Sociology Lecture...

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Unformatted text preview: SOC SOC 1101: Introduction to Sociology Lecture Lecture 1: What is Sociology? Sociology? Wednesday, January 21 What is What is Sociology? “…[T]he study of social life, social change, and the social causes and consequences of human behavior. Sociologists investigate the structure of groups, organizations, and societies, and how people interact within these contexts. Since human behavior behavior is shaped by social factors, the subject matter of sociology sociology ranges from the intimate family to the hostile mob; from from organized crime to religious cults; from the divisions of race, gender and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture; and from the sociology of work to the sociology of sports.” – The American Sociological Association What What is Sociology? “Sociologie” Sociologie” socius = companion, associate -logy = the study of Comte Comte Hierarchy Hierarchy of the Sciences Sociology Biology Comte Chemistry Physics Astronomy Statics and Dynamics Social Social statics - Parts of society - Families (not individuals) - Political, economic structures Comte - How the parts fit together - Harmony and order, or disorder? Social dynamics - Social change over time Sociological Methodology Experiments Experiments - Classical, natural, quasi-experiments quasi- Survey research - Questionnaires, interviews, telephone surveys Qualitative field research - Ethnomethodology, grounded theory, case studies, institutional ethnographies, participatory action research Unobtrusive methods - Content analysis, analysis of existing statistics, historical/comparative research Core Core concerns in sociology • Social stratification – the unequal distribution of resources or conditions (e.g., wealth, access to health care) across different groups of people, whether by class, race, sex or gender, or some other individual characteristic. • Social change (e.g., via social movements, intergenerational (e.g., change) change) • Deviance and crime • Organizations (e.g., firms, government agencies) • Population, demography (e.g., immigration, family structure, (e.g., segregation, urban life) The The Promise of Sociology - Life as a series of traps and pressures - Individuals’ experiences, values, and behaviors stem from social and historical conditions Mills - Sociology, and the “sociological imagination,” are tools for revealing these conditions and their effects, thus providing the means of understanding – and emancipation http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123119236117055127.html http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123119236117055127.html What What do Sociologists do? - Teachers in colleges/universities - Directors of research, policy analysts, human resource managers, and program managers in industry, government, service organizations - Independent consultants - Organizational analysts, network analysts - Strategic planners in corporate departments of human resources, industrial relations, public relations, and marketing - Staff researchers in private research firms and think tanks ...
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