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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Sociology Part MacroPart I: Macro-level Social Phenomena Lecture 7: Discrimination Wednesday, February 19 Discrimination Discrimination
Unfair treatment of a person or group of persons because they possess some attribute - Can be based on any attribute, but the focus is on race, sex/gender, age, sexual orientation - It is usually exercised by dominant groups over less powerful powerful groups – often to protect resources - It can be both formal and informal, obvious and subtle - Does not always stem from outright prejudice
Prejudice involves negative thoughts or feelings about a thoughts about group, whereas discrimination involves unfair treatment of a treatment group Prejudice Prejudice and Discrimination Discriminatory Not Discriminatory Prejudiced Active bigot Timid bigot Not Prejudiced Fair-weather liberal All-weather liberal SexSex-Based Discrimination
Unfair treatment of a person or group because they possess physical or other traits that are associated with biological sex - Employment discrimination
• The glass ceiling – Women are less likely than men to achieve achieve positions of power and authority • The wage gap – Women, on average, earn less than men – even at comparable skill levels and in similar occupations - Sexual harassment – discriminatory treatment ranging from inappropriate jokes to sexual assault which makes a person feel uncomfortable (intentionally or not) RaceRace-Based Discrimination
The differential treatment of a person or group because they possess physical or other traits that are socially defined as being associated with a given race group - Employment discrimination - Segregation
• Jim Crow laws (“separate but equal”) • Restrictive covenants • “White flight” - Selective social control
• Racial profiling (e.g., “Driving While Black”) • Higher conviction rates, harsher sentencing ...
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