Lecture_11 - Introduction Introduction to Sociology Part...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction Introduction to Sociology Part II: Agency and Structure Lecture 11: Collective Behavior I: Crowds and Disasters Di Monday, March 9 Md h Collective Collective Behavior - Social action within the context of a collectivity, involving: • Two or more people • People acting similarly to each other • Development of norms that are somewhat atypical - Occurs along a continuum of spontaneity Spontaneous - riots - evacuations - parties - gatherings Planned - protests - strikes - social movements Gustave Gustave Le Bon - French social psychologist and sociologist - Known for his theories of crowd psychology and the value of mass media and propaganda in politics LeBon (1841 – 1931) - Influenced scholars like Sigmund Freud, as well as fascist dictators like Hitler and Mussolini - Famous works include: The Crowd: A Study of the The Popular Mind (1895), The Psychology of (1895) Revolution (1913) (1913) Crowd Crowd Behavior - Individuals’ behavior within crowds differs from their behavior outside of crowds: • • • More impulsive Less inhibited Prone to suggestibility - Crowd behavior stems from the development of a “collective mind” and a “unanimity of feeling” • Individuals’ motivations and interests are sublimated Causes Causes of Uniformity in Crowds - Deindividuation – a temporary reduction in self-awareness and temporary selfsense of personal responsibility ibilit • Diffusion of responsibility – the knowledge that consequences of a behavior cannot be attributed solely to oneself - Contagion – the rapid spread of unusual and/or illogical ideas and/or behaviors through a crowd • • • Lack of preexisting norms Close physical proximity to others Similarity to others to others Imitation Behavior Behavior in Disasters - Examines how social factors shape people’s reactions to and management of collective threats th - Most behavior in disasters is collective in nature, involving: • Affiliation with group members To interpret/confirm possible signs of danger To achieve consensus regarding evacuation strategy • • • • Helping behavior, not competition not Adherence to social roles Adherence to preexisting social norms (e.g., “women and children first”) Responsiveness to authority figures and leaders fi iClicker iClicker Poll - Which of the following best characterizes the main behavioral principle that guides how people react to a clear collective th threat, like a fire that roars into a crowded room? A. People will do what everyone else does B. They will get emotional and panic C. They will act to protect themselves D. They will immediately affiliate and try to help each other Titanic Titanic Survival Rates, by Passenger Status 1600 1200 800 400 0 38% 23% Passengers Crew Titanic Titanic Survival Rates, by Sex 2000 1600 1200 800 400 0 Men 20% 74% Women Titanic Titanic Survival Rates, by Age 2500 2000 1500 1000 31% 50% 500 0 Adults Children ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course SOC 1101 taught by Professor Mclaughlin during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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