Lecture_12 - Introduction Introduction to Sociology Part...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction Introduction to Sociology Part II: Agency and Structure Lecture 12: Collective Behavior II: Social Social Movements and Religion Monday, March 23 Collective Collective Behavior - Social action within the context of a collectivity, involving • Two or more people • People acting similarly to each other • Rapid development of norms that are somewhat atypical - Occurs along a continuum of spontaneity Spontaneous - riots - evacuations - parties - gatherings Planned - protests - strikes - social movements Social Social Movements - Organized collective activities that express a high level of concern about and attempt to address some issue(s) and achieve some collective goal(s) over a period of time Limited change Radical change Target subgroups Alterative Redemptive Target entire society Reformative Revolutionary Sample Sample Question The “slow food” movement mainly seeks to encourage people to avoid fast food and to buy and consume locally grown and avoid ll prepared prepared food. What kind of movement is this? A. B. C. D. Alterative Redemptive Reformative Revolutionary Factors Factors Affecting Movement Success - Resource mobilization - Involvement with social movement organizations (SMOs) - Political opportunity - Quality of leadership • • • Planning and strategizing skills and strategizing skills Mobilization skills Charisma Religion Religion and Collective Behavior • There are many different religions, but they all serve similar social social functions • For one, all religions serve to increase social solidarity by: – Providing a central orienting object – Providing guidelines for behavior – Establishing authority figures fi – Providing a venue for social gatherings Religion Religion and Civic Engagement • Civic engagement is crucial for democracy and quality of life • Religious institutions are the most popular, most common venues for civic engagement Religious participation Involvement in civic instit institutions Knowledge of social issues Participation in collective action action Solutions to social problems problems Marx Marx on Religion • Religion is used to subjugate the masses – Emphasizes values of hard work and diligence – “The opiate of the people”: Religion teaches complacency by encouraging people to look to the next encouraging people to look to the next world for rewards for rewards • As a result, religion suppresses civic engagement and social movement activity • People are better off without organized religion because it frees them to see things rationally 40 Percent Attending at Least Weekly 35 30 25 20 15 10 Year Change in % of People Attending Religious Services at Least Weekly, 1972 - 2006 20 18 Percent Who Are Members 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Year Change in % of People in Unions, 1974-2004 1974- “New” “New” Social Movements • Shifts traditional/religious to secular/rational values, and from survival/economic selfsurvival/economic to self-expression/quality-of-life values of• Has given rise to “new” social movements that focus on id tit lif t l identity, lifestyle, and culture, like: lik – Animal rights movement – Gay/lesbian rights movements – Peace movements – Environmental movement • Less dependent on formal “members” and more reliant on loose networks of supporters • Activists in these movements are not proletarians – they are Activists in these movements are not proletarians they are members members of the “new middle class” and other professionals 45 Number of Members (per 1,000) 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Year Change in Rate of Membership of Environmental Organizations, 1960-2000 Organizations, 1960- ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course SOC 1101 taught by Professor Mclaughlin during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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