Lecture_13 - Introduction to Sociology Part Part II: Agency...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Sociology Part Part II: Agency and Structure Lecture 13: Socialization Wednesday, March 25 Socialization Socialization - Socialization: The lifelong process of learning to function as a member of society • The process through which you learn the meaning of social social constructs • The process through which you learn to play the social play the social roles roles through which you are integrated into society Social Social Constructionism - Social construction: The process through which people invent The meanings for things that others acknowledge and act on - This gives rise to “social constructs,” whose meanings are mere byproducts or artifacts of agreement among people • • • • Money Social status and prestige Deviance Gender - Thomas theorem: If people define situations as real, they are If real in their consequences. In other words, social constructs may be artifacts, but they have real consequences • E.g., Self-fulfilling prophecy Self- iClicker iClicker Question - Which of the following is NOT a social construct? A. A certain person’s physical attractiveness B. The criminality of a certain act B. C. The value of a certain painting C. D. The speed of a certain runner D. Role Role Theory - Social role: A status or position within society (e.g., “parent,” “student”) that has a bundle of responsibilities and expectations attached to it - Role socialization: The process through which you internalize The the the norms and behaviors that will be expected of you as an occupant occupant of a certain social position or role - Role model: A person who occupies a role that you may wish to person occupy, and whose behavior you emulate accordingly Agents Agents of Socialization - Parents and family - Peers (e.g., friends, classmates, siblings) - The mass media (especially television, magazines) - Educational institutions - Others, including partners, religious institutions, the State partners, Adult Socialization - Resocialization: A form of adult socialization in which individuals’ beliefs , behaviors, etc., are reengineered to suit a different social context • • • • • Immigration Career changes Social class mobility Imprisonment/parole Military service/discharge - Total institution: An institution in which all of the basics of life are controlled (e.g., prisons, monasteries, the military) ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course SOC 1101 taught by Professor Mclaughlin during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

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