Lecture_13

Lecture_13 - Introduction to Sociology Part Part II: Agency...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Sociology Part Part II: Agency and Structure Lecture 13: Socialization Wednesday, March 25 Socialization Socialization - Socialization: The lifelong process of learning to function as a member of society • The process through which you learn the meaning of social social constructs • The process through which you learn to play the social play the social roles roles through which you are integrated into society Social Social Constructionism - Social construction: The process through which people invent The meanings for things that others acknowledge and act on - This gives rise to “social constructs,” whose meanings are mere byproducts or artifacts of agreement among people • • • • Money Social status and prestige Deviance Gender - Thomas theorem: If people define situations as real, they are If real in their consequences. In other words, social constructs may be artifacts, but they have real consequences • E.g., Self-fulfilling prophecy Self- iClicker iClicker Question - Which of the following is NOT a social construct? A. A certain person’s physical attractiveness B. The criminality of a certain act B. C. The value of a certain painting C. D. The speed of a certain runner D. Role Role Theory - Social role: A status or position within society (e.g., “parent,” “student”) that has a bundle of responsibilities and expectations attached to it - Role socialization: The process through which you internalize The the the norms and behaviors that will be expected of you as an occupant occupant of a certain social position or role - Role model: A person who occupies a role that you may wish to person occupy, and whose behavior you emulate accordingly Agents Agents of Socialization - Parents and family - Peers (e.g., friends, classmates, siblings) - The mass media (especially television, magazines) - Educational institutions - Others, including partners, religious institutions, the State partners, Adult Socialization - Resocialization: A form of adult socialization in which individuals’ beliefs , behaviors, etc., are reengineered to suit a different social context • • • • • Immigration Career changes Social class mobility Imprisonment/parole Military service/discharge - Total institution: An institution in which all of the basics of life are controlled (e.g., prisons, monasteries, the military) ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course SOC 1101 taught by Professor Mclaughlin during the Spring '07 term at Cornell.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online