HW10 - University of Illinois Fall 2009 ECE 313: Problem...

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Unformatted text preview: University of Illinois Fall 2009 ECE 313: Problem Set 10: Solutions Exponential and Gaussian Random Variables; Poisson Processes 1. [Reliability function of a triple-modular-redundancy (TMR) system] (a) It is easy to see that { Y > T } = [ { X 1 > T } { X 2 > T } { X 3 > T } ] [ { X 1 > T } { X 2 > T } { X 3 T } ] [ { X 1 > T } { X 2 T } { X 3 > T } ] [ { X 1 T } { X 2 > T } { X 3 > T } ] Since the four events (on the four lines above) are mutually exclusive, we have that R Y ( t ) = P { Y > t } = [ R ( t )] 3 + 3[ R ( t )] 2 [1- R ( t )] = 3[ R ( t )] 2- 2[ R ( t )] 3 . (b) Since R ( t ) = exp(- t ), we get that R Y ( t ) = 3exp(- 2 t )- 2exp(- 3 t ). Hence, E [ Y ] = Z R Y ( t ) dt = Z 3exp(- 2 t )- 2exp(- 3 t ) dt = 3 2 - 2 3 = 5 6 < 1 = E [ X i ]. Next, let x = exp(- t ). Then, R Y ( t ) = 3 x 2- 2 x 3 = 1 2 , which has only one solution x = 1 / 2 in the range 0 x 1. Thus, the median value of Y is the solution to x = exp(- t ) = 1 / 2, giving t = - 1 ln2....
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HW10 - University of Illinois Fall 2009 ECE 313: Problem...

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