Lecture 4 - Lecture 4 Notes 3 Keys to Cross-Cultural...

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Lecture 4 Notes 3 Keys to Cross-Cultural Competence Cultural awareness, Cultural literacy, Cultural flexibility Cultural Awareness Recognition that culture matters Motivation to understand and work through differences Culture A system of values and norms that are shared among a group of people and that when taken together constitute a design for living Values Abstract ideas about what a group believes to be good, right, and desirable Norms The social rules and guidelines that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations Society A group of people who share a common set of values and norms Determinants of Culture (Norms & Value Systems) Social structure, Religion, Language, Education, Political philosophy, Economic philosophy Individualism vs. Collectivism Extent to which a society teaches individuals either to prize personal achievement or to conversely look after the interest of their collective first and foremost High Collectivistic Societies Duties and obligations are important determinants of social behavior A strong distinction is made between in-groups and out-groups Individuals are integrated into strong cohesive groups There are more extended family structures Accountability for success and failures rests with groups Low Collectivistic Societies Personal needs and attitudes are important determinants of social behavior Less distinction is made between in-groups and out-groups Individuals look after themselves or their immediate families There are more nuclear family structures Accountability for successes and failures rests with individuals Power Distance Extent to which a society allows inequalities of physical and intellectual capabilities between people to grow into inequalities of power and wealth High Power Distance Societies
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Society is differentiated into classes Power seen as providing social order
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