) A common law doctrine under which judges are obligated to follow the
precedents established in prior decisions.
A federal, state, or local government agency established to perform a specific function. Administrative
agencies are authorized by legislative acts to make and enforce rules to administer and enforce the acts.
The body of law created by administrative agencies (in the form of rules, regulations, orders, and
decisions) in order to carry out their duties and responsibilities.
To state, recite, assert, or charge.
In logical reasoning, an assumption that if two things are similar in some respects, they will be similar in
other respects also. Often used in legal reasoning to infer the appropriate application of legal principles in a
case being decided by referring to previous cases involving different facts but considered to come within
the policy underlying the rule.
The party who takes an appeal from one court to another.
The party against whom an appeal is takenthat is, the party who opposes setting aside or reversing the
Any source of law that a court must follow when deciding a case. Binding authorities include constitutions,
statutes, and regulations that govern the issue being decided, as well as court decisions that are controlling
precedents within the jurisdiction.
To violate a law, by an act or an omission, or to break a legal obligation that one owes to another person or
The rules of law announced in court decisions. Case law includes the aggregate of reported cases that
interpret judicial precedents, statutes, regulations, and constitutional provisions.
case on point
A previous case involving factual circumstances and issues that are similar to the case before the court.
An adviser to the king at the time of the early king's courts of England. Individuals petitioned the king for
relief when they could not obtain an adequate remedy in a court of law, and these petitions were decided
by the chancellor.
A reference to a publication in which a legal authoritysuch as a statute or a court decisionor other source
can be found.
The branch of law dealing with the definition and enforcement of all private or public rights, as opposed to
That body of law developed from custom or judicial decisions in English and U.S. courts, not attributable to
Law that is based on the U.S. Constitution and the constitutions of the various states.
court of equity
A court that decides controversies and administers justice according to the rules, principles, and
precedents of equity.
court of law