BLAW Exam1 Key Terms

BLAW Exam1 Key Terms - Glossary Chapter 1 stare decisis...

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Glossary Chapter 1 stare decisis (pronounced ster-ay dih-si-ses ) A common law doctrine under which judges are obligated to follow the precedents established in prior decisions. administrative agency A federal, state, or local government agency established to perform a specific function. Administrative agencies are authorized by legislative acts to make and enforce rules to administer and enforce the acts. administrative law The body of law created by administrative agencies (in the form of rules, regulations, orders, and decisions) in order to carry out their duties and responsibilities. allege To state, recite, assert, or charge. analogy In logical reasoning, an assumption that if two things are similar in some respects, they will be similar in other respects also. Often used in legal reasoning to infer the appropriate application of legal principles in a case being decided by referring to previous cases involving different facts but considered to come within the policy underlying the rule. appellant The party who takes an appeal from one court to another. appellee The party against whom an appeal is takenthat is, the party who opposes setting aside or reversing the judgment. binding authority Any source of law that a court must follow when deciding a case. Binding authorities include constitutions, statutes, and regulations that govern the issue being decided, as well as court decisions that are controlling precedents within the jurisdiction. breach To violate a law, by an act or an omission, or to break a legal obligation that one owes to another person or to society. case law The rules of law announced in court decisions. Case law includes the aggregate of reported cases that interpret judicial precedents, statutes, regulations, and constitutional provisions. case on point A previous case involving factual circumstances and issues that are similar to the case before the court. chancellor An adviser to the king at the time of the early king's courts of England. Individuals petitioned the king for relief when they could not obtain an adequate remedy in a court of law, and these petitions were decided by the chancellor. citation A reference to a publication in which a legal authoritysuch as a statute or a court decisionor other source can be found. civil law The branch of law dealing with the definition and enforcement of all private or public rights, as opposed to criminal matters. common law That body of law developed from custom or judicial decisions in English and U.S. courts, not attributable to a legislature. constitutional law Law that is based on the U.S. Constitution and the constitutions of the various states. court of equity A court that decides controversies and administers justice according to the rules, principles, and precedents of equity. court of law
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This note was uploaded on 11/07/2010 for the course BLAW 3311 taught by Professor Boykin during the Fall '07 term at UT Arlington.

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BLAW Exam1 Key Terms - Glossary Chapter 1 stare decisis...

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