14 Sexual Coercion - SEXUAL COERCION Sexual contact without...

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SEXUAL COERCION Sexual contact without the full, free and equal consent of both parties. Sexual contact which occurs under duress or pressure from one of the parties. Sexual contact in which there is an unequal distribution of power. Sex which entails any type of force, including threats, against one or both partner(s). SEXUAL ASSAULT: May or may not include rape. RAPE: Sexual intercourse which occurs without consent as a result of actual or threatened force. STATUTORY RAPE: Sexual intercourse with a person under the legal age of consent (17, in Texas). AGE as a factor in consent. In Texas: Aggravated Sexual Assault: Any person who engages in sexual penetration or oral contact with sex organ with any person under 14 years old (First Degree Felony) Sexual Assault: Any person who engages in sexual penetration or oral contact with sex organ with any person under 17 years old and where defendant is 3+ years older than victim (Second Degree Felony) In Texas, the age of consent is 17 and the minimum age of a child is 14 with an age difference of 3 years; thus individuals who are at least 14 years of age can legally engage in sexual activities if the defendant is less than 3 years older than the accuser (22.011(a)(2)). From Sexuality NOW Theories About Rape 1. Rapist Psychopathology: Either disease or intoxication are what force men to rape. Without these problems, they would not rape. 2. Victim Precipitation Theory: You did/wore something you shouldn’t have. 3. Feminist Theory: Rape & the threat of rape are tools our society employs to keep women in their place, physically, socially, and emotionally.
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4. Sociological Theory: Rape is an expression of power imbalances. When men feel disempowered, rape incidents go up. Who gets away with rape? 5. Evolutionary Theory: Rape as a reproductive strategy for males. Gender Differences in Attitudes About Rape Men: less empathetic/sensitive than women are re: rape; attribute more responsibility to victim; believe more rape myths; more likely to interpret women’s behavior as signaling sexual desire/availability. Women: see rape as more justified when they perceive the woman was “leading him on.” Ethnic Differences in Attitudes About Rape Ethnic “minorities” tend to hold more traditional attitudes about women & rape. A continuum of sympathy: Least Sympathetic Most Sympathetic Asian-American “Hispanic” African- White students American Rape in Different Cultures USA has the most reported incidents or rape; other cultures may define it differently or report it less. Rape as punishment, as proof of masculinity, as one’s right (when a woman is property).
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14 Sexual Coercion - SEXUAL COERCION Sexual contact without...

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