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CH8_Study_Questions - Chapter 8 An Introduction to...

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1 Chapter 8 An Introduction to Metabolism Study Questions Multiple Choice Questions 1) Which term most precisely describes the cellular process of breaking down large molecules into smaller ones? A) catalysis B) metabolism C) anabolism D) dehydration E) catabolism Answer: E Topic: Concept 8.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 2) Which of the following is (are) true for anabolic pathways? Topic: Concept 8.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 3) Which of the following is a statement of the first law of thermodynamics? Topic: Concept 8.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 4) For living organisms, which of the following is an important consequence of the first law of thermodynamics? Topic: Concept 8.1 Skill: Synthesis/Evaluation
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2 5) Living organisms increase in complexity as they grow, resulting in a decrease in the entropy of an organism. How does this relate to the second law of thermodynamics? A) Living organisms do not obey the second law of thermodynamics, which states that entropy must increase with time. B) Life obeys the second law of thermodynamics because the decrease in entropy as the organism grows is balanced by an increase in the entropy of the universe. C) Living organisms do not follow the laws of thermodynamics. D) As a consequence of growing, organisms create more disorder in their environment than the decrease in entropy associated with their growth. E) Living organisms are able to transform energy into entropy. Answer: D Topic: Concept 8.1 Skill: Synthesis/Evaluation
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