COPYRIGHT OUTLINE[1]

COPYRIGHT OUTLINE[1] - COPYRIGHT OUTLINE ANALYSIS: (1)...

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COPYRIGHT OUTLINE
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ANALYSIS : (1) Plaintiff has to prove Standing a. A valid copyright: b. If registered; Presumption of valid copyright . i. Registration requirements: 1. Registration, Deposit + Fee ii. Defendant can attack – it is a rebuttable presumption. (P. 596 1 st full para.). c. If not registered : i. Prove each element of a valid copyright : 1. Determine if derivative work a. Must be authorized b. Determine new Work, only that may be copyrighted. 2. Original Work of Authorship a. Original i. Independent Creation ii. De-Minimis Creativity 3. Fixed in a Tangible Medium of Expression 4. Author = US Citizen or Foreign Author first publishing in a treaty country 5. Compliance with Statutory Formalities a. 1909 Act i. Protection established on Publication ii. Notice of Copyright iii. Registration may be required to sue. b. 1978 Act i. Protection upon fixation. d. Still In effect i. Duration 1. Still during exclusive rights period. ii. Termination 1. Not terminated by original author or technicality. e. That Plaintiff has an Interest in. i. Present Copyright Ownership ii. Original Author iii. Exclusive Licensee iv. Beneficial Owner v. Issues of ownership: 1. Joint authors 2. Collective Works 3. Work for Hire: 4. Assignments 5. Exclusive Licensee (2) Plaintiff Must Prove Court has Jurisdiction (3) Proof of an Act of infringement
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a. A violation of one or more i. § 106, 106a (VARA), DMCA § 1201 or § 602 importation rights b. Determine which rights we are dealing with c. Prove actual copying or Improper Appropriation (improper amount that is not fair use), (4) Defenses to Infringement a. § 107 Fair Use b. § 108 Reproduction Limitations c. § 109(a) Right of First Sale d. § 113 Limited pictorial, graphic and sculptural uses e. § 114 Sound Recording limited uses f. § 115 Musical Composition compulsory licensing g. Copyright Misuse h. Statute of Limitation i. Laches j. Estoppel k. Abandonment / Forfeiture l. Material Misrepresentation in copyright registration m. Innocent Infringer Defense (5) Secondary Liability Issues a. Suing anyone other than primary infringer? i. Contributory Infingement ii. Vicarious Infringement iii. Inducement Liability. (6) Remedies Available a. Civil i. Injunction ii. Impoundment iii. Actual Damages iv. Statutory Damages v. Costs and Fees b. Criminal i. Felony or Misdemeanor. (7) Related State Causes of Action a. Misappropriation b. Right of Publicity (8) Preemption Issues a. § 301 b. Supremacy + Dormant Commerce Clause CAUSES OF ACTION : (1) Federal: a. Copyright Act of 1909 b. Copyright Act of 1978 i. Sonny Bono Act ii. DMCA
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(2) State Common Law (3) Tort of Misappropriation (4) Contract Law (5) Right of Publicity COPYRIGHT DEFINED : (a) United States: Grants exclusive rights for a finite period to Authors of original expressions. Authority:
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COPYRIGHT OUTLINE[1] - COPYRIGHT OUTLINE ANALYSIS: (1)...

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