Exam_1_def - Exam 1 Concept List Sociological Imagination:...

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Exam 1 Concept List Sociological Imagination: the ability to discern the relationship between large-scale social forces and the actions of individuals. [1] It includes both the capacity to see relationships between individual biographies and historical change, and the capacity to see how social causation operates in societies. Functionalism Functionalism views society as a system that is a set of interconnected parts which together form a whole. The basic unit of analysis is society and its various parts are understood primarily in terms of their relationship to the whole. Thus social institutions such as family and religion are analyzed as a part of the social system rather than as isolated units. In a particular, they are understood with reference to the contribution they make to the system as a whole. The basic needs or necessary conditions of existence are called functional prerequisites. Conflict Theory Conflict theories are perspectives in social science which emphasize the social, political or material inequality of a social group, which critique the broad socio-political system, or which otherwise detract from structural functionalism and ideological conservativism social conflict theory Social conflict theory is a Marxist- based social theory which argues that individuals and groups (social classes) within society have differing amounts of material and non-material resources (the wealthy vs. realistic conflict theory Realistic conflict theory is a theory within social psychology that ties into discrimination and stereotypes. The theory puts forth the concept that limited resources will lead to conflict between groups and this is a direct reason why discrimination and stereotypes can develop within a society. Symbolic Interactionism The theory that the most distinctive aspects of human behavior are a product of the fact that man alone is a symbol-manipulating animal--that man has developed conventionalized signs which have become organized into language which, in turn, is the vehicle for the transmission of culture and which provides the major means for carrying on social interaction. Inconvenient Facts: facts opposing ones view of society Directionality (+/-) Socialization The process of developing a personality; it refers to the way that people learn the habits,attitudes,social roles of self- conceptions, group norms and universe of discourse that enable them to interact with other people in their society. The transfer of the ownership of property from private individuals to government ownership. Socialization is predominately an unconscious process by which a newborn child learns the values, beliefs, rules and regulations of society or internalizes the culture in which it is born. Socialization, in fact, includes learning of three important processes: (1) cognitive; (2) affective, and (3) evaluative. In other words, socialization includes the knowledge of how things are caused and the establishment of emotional links with the rest of the members of the
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 202 taught by Professor C.dawson during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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Exam_1_def - Exam 1 Concept List Sociological Imagination:...

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