9-9-10 - Sept ember 9, 2010 Object ives fr om t he Pr...

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September 9, 2010
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Objectives from the Previous Class To think in a multi-faceted way To make generalizations and connections that result in questions To make a promise to ourselves that we won’t sit idly by but will do anything we can in order to understand how the world affects us and in turn how we can affect the world
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Today’s Objectives To familiarize ourselves with the origins of sociology How did sociology become a science? Who were the founding fathers of Sociology? To Establish a vision of the world that existed 200 years ago To reflect upon the modern world and to assess if some of the same difficulties exist today To introduce a research approach in sociology and the tools used by sociologists for research (If we run out of time, this topic may extend to the next
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Sociology’s Beginnings Sociology is seen as a new study about a very old issue or that sociology has a short history but a very long past It becomes a separate area of academic knowledge during the first half of the 19 th century The name sociology is introduced in 1838 by the French philosopher Auguste Comte: It is a combination of the Latin socius (group, or society) and the Greek logos (Knowledge)
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Sociology’s Beginnings It takes almost until the end of the 19 th century for sociology to become a recognized academic area of study It had its origins in Europe but found Full institutional acceptance in the United States where the first Department of Sociology was opened at the University of Chicago in 1892 The first Department was headed by Albion W. Small who also founded the American Journal of Sociology, the lead Journal for the American Sociological Association
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Sociology’s Beginnings In Europe the first Sociology department is opened by Emile Durkheim in 1898 at the University of Bordeaux in France In Germany the first Sociology department is opened by Max Weber at the University of Munich in 1919 In Great Britain Oxford and Cambridge Universities did not have Sociology Departments until after the 2 nd world war
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Sociology’s Beginnings The International Sociology Association a major body organizing sociological exchange was organized in 1949.
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The Thought Processes from which Sociology Originates 1. Sociology is different from common knowledge because its goal is to reveal the truth about the world 2. It is a science performed by professional thinkers and not off to the side which allows it to break the barrier of individual experiences and a subjective horizon: It has wide comparative horizons 3. A strong focus on methodology, clarity in conclusion, correctness of deduction, logical consistency and empirical or historical fact is treated as illustration
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The Thought Processes from which Sociology Originates 4. Sociology aims to develop systems of thought and
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course PSYC 70628 taught by Professor Piszczatowski during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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9-9-10 - Sept ember 9, 2010 Object ives fr om t he Pr...

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