Soc 145 Chapter One PPT

Soc 145 Chapter One PPT - Sociology 145 - Professor Joseph...

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Sociology 145 - Professor Joseph Chapter One • Setting the Stage • Overview of the Criminal Justice System • The Court system • The investigative Process • The charging process • The trial process United States Court System US Supreme Court State Supreme Courts Federal Courts of Apil (11 Circuits + Cc Circuit / State Appellate Courts ft / ft [deral District CoI] - State Trial Courts Writ of Habeas Corpus: A writ 01 hoboun corpus in ujusolul mundotn tori prison offiolni ordeing tteton hm,ritn Sn brought to 50 50,00 no a oun ho doteommond whotbor or not Sot pornon to hnpomooned iowtoTmy rind StetSon or not ho nhotdd St romoonod from 005tody, Citing a case Coker v. Georgia, 433 U.S. 584 (1977) State v. Rag/and, 105 N.J. 189, 519 A.2d 1361 (1986) I
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Law ^ Justice Justice is a goa that we strive to reach. • The law is a method we use to try to achieve justice. Law ^ Justice Compare: Midgett V. State State v. Forrest Investigations - Covert Stage Leads/Tips Background information • Public Records • Surveillance • Data Bases (NADDIS, NCIC) Covert Investigation • Undercover investigation (predication) • Wiretaps (probable cause) Grand Jury Investigation • Subpoena bank records • Subpoena telephone record • Agents and cooperating witnesses 2
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Grand Jury • Two Purposes - Assist Executive Branch with investigations - Provide shield for citizens against power of sovereign Grand Jury Traditions • Comprised of lay people • Free from technical rules of evidence • Acts in secret • Free from outside pressure Grand Jury History • 1166- Assize of Clarendon - King Henry establish system of 12 local citizens to report crimes to traveling Sheriffs. - Same body also determined guilt or innocence. - Subject to abuses. • 1215- Magna Carta signed by King John - Introduced concept of due process 3
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Grand Jury History • 1300s - King Edward Ill changed system to set up different mechanisms for charging and determining guilt. - Le Grande Inquest: 23 member charging body
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course SOC 72639 taught by Professor L.joseph during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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Soc 145 Chapter One PPT - Sociology 145 - Professor Joseph...

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