Week 6 Reading A

Week 6 Reading A - C u r r e n t A n t h r o p o l o g y...

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241 Current Anthropology Volume 44 , Number 2 , April 2003 q 2003 by The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. All rights reserved 0011-3204/2003/4402-0004$3.00 Social Conventions in Wild White-faced Capuchin Monkeys Evidence for Traditions in a Neotropical Primate 1 by Susan Perry, Mary Baker, Linda Fedigan, Julie Gros-Louis, Katherine Jack, Katherine C. MacKinnon, Joseph H. Manson, Melissa Panger, Kendra Pyle, and Lisa Rose Ten researchers collaborated in a long-term study of social con- ventions in wild white-faced capuchin monkeys, involving exam- ination of a 19 , 000 -hour combined data set collected on 13 social groups at four study sites in Costa Rica over a 13 -year period. Five behavior patterns quali±ed as social traditions, according to the study’s criteria: handsnif±ng, sucking of body parts, and three types of “games.” Some conventions were independently invented in virtually identical form at multiple sites. The extinc- tion of several conventions was observed during the course of the study; it appears that they rarely last longer than ten years. It is hypothesized that the monkeys are using these group- or clique- speci±c social conventions to test the quality of their social relationships. susan perry is Director of the Independent Junior Research Group in Cultural Phylogeny at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Inselstrasse 22 ,D - 04103 Leipzig, Germany [perry@eva.mpg.de]) and Assistant Professor of Anthro- pology at the University of California, Los Angeles. mary baker is Visiting Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Whit- tier College. linda fedigan is Professor and Canada Research Chair in the Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary. julie gros-louis is a postdoctoral fellow in psychology at Indi- ana University. katharine jack is Assistant Professor of An- thropology at Appalachian State University. katherine c. mackinnon is Assistant Professor of Anthropology in the De- 1. We are grateful to the Costa Rican National Park Service, the Area de Conservacio ´n Guanacaste (especially Roger Blanco Segura), the Area de Conservacio ´n Tempisque, the community of San Ra- mo ´n de Bagaces, Hacienda Pelo ´n, Rancho Jojoba/Brin D’Amor, and the Schutt family for permission to work in the areas occupied by these monkeys. Assistance in data collection was provided by Laura Sirot, Todd Bishop, Kathryn Atkins, Marvin Cedillos Amaya, Sarah partment of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Saint Louis Univer- sity. joseph h. manson is a scientist in the Cultural Phylogeny Group of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropol- ogy in Leipzig and Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles. melissa panger is a re- searcher in the Department of Anthropology at George Washing- ton University.
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Week 6 Reading A - C u r r e n t A n t h r o p o l o g y...

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