HIS112 Notes - Exam 3 Notes -Buddhism- most widespread,...

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Exam 3 Notes -Buddhism- most widespread, less dominant than Christianity and Islam. - origins in India - similar to Hinduism -rejected key aspects of Hinduism as well -Buddhism directly rejects Caste system: idea that diff. groups in society have diff. duties/obligations (Buddhists accept equality) -Brahmans: priests -Founder: Siddhartha Gutama (563 BC-483 BC) -A prince (powerful and wealthy) -lived in a royal family -At 29, he renounces the world (asceticism) -leaves his family, gives up all of his worldy goods, wanders around as an ascetic for 6 yrs. -Asceticism did nothing for him in terms of spiritual enlightenment. -Sits under a tree, and after 49 days he achieves enlightenment, becomes Buddha. -Begins to wander around India preaching, gathers a following. -poor and women find comfort to his spirituality. -Eventually dies, his followers begin to elaborate on his message, and a set of doctrines of his beliefs are made. -Personal desire and passion as the source of why humans suffer
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HIS112 Notes - Exam 3 Notes -Buddhism- most widespread,...

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