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LECTURE 1_22_2010

LECTURE 1_22_2010 - Introduction to Ethics PH150 January 22...

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Introduction to Ethics - PH150 January 22 Professor Aaron Garrett Teaching Fellows Colin Cmiel Stacey Goguen Yoni Porat Friday, January 22, 2010
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Last time we discussed The “open question” argument Moral and cultural relativism Friday, January 22, 2010
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But we often seem confused about what we mean by relativism. Here are a few claims which are broadly relativistic: 1. Different societies or cultures have different moral codes. 2. There are no objective standards that can be used to justify one societal or cultural code as superior to another. 3. Our moral or social code has no special standing 4. There is no “universal truth” in ethics. 5. The moral code of a society determines what is right within that society. 6. We should be more tolerant. [This list, and the remainder of my discussion, relies on James Rachels, Elements of Moral Philosophy , 15-29] Friday, January 22, 2010
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Consequently tacit arguments such as this are assumed to be valid: 1. Different cultures have different moral codes.
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