LECTURE 2_16_2010

LECTURE 2_16_2010 - are voluntary and so we can now see why...

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Introduction to Ethics - PH150 February 16 Professor Aaron Garrett Teaching Fellows Colin Cmiel Stacey Goguen Yoni Porat Wednesday, February 17, 2010
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CHANGE OF SYLLABUS For Wednesday and Friday, read the rest of Book IV instead of Book VII. (It’s less reading.) Wednesday, February 17, 2010
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Defnition oF Virtue Virtue, then, is a state oF character concerned with choice, lying in a mean, i.e., the mean relative to us, and being determined by a rational choice, that choice by which the man oF practical wisdom would determine it. Wednesday, February 17, 2010
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Rational choice is deliberate desire for things in our power. Since we choose means, and the exercise of the virtues involves means, virtue and vice involve choice and deliberation and are within our power. That’s part of why we ascribe moral signiFcance to them. 4 Wednesday, February 17, 2010
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Virtues and vices within our power We only praise and blame those things, though, that
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Unformatted text preview: are voluntary and so we can now see why choice was an essential part of our deFnition of virtue. This is built into our penal codes, for example how we deal with public drunkenness, and how we blame people for vices we consider under their control, but not others we consider outside of their control. 5 Wednesday, February 17, 2010 Courage Courage is the mean of fear and conFdence. We fear all evils, but not all of them seem to concern courage. urthermore there are many things which appear appropriate to fear, and it doesnt seem courageous not to fear them. They are courageous when concerning a noble death within the limits of what humans can bear. But, oddly, courage involves fearing the right things, for the right reasons, at the right time, in the right way. 6 Wednesday, February 17, 2010...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course PH ph150 taught by Professor ?? during the Spring '10 term at BU.

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LECTURE 2_16_2010 - are voluntary and so we can now see why...

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