LECTURE 3_17_2010

LECTURE 3_17_2010 - maxims like M universal. If CI(M) does...

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Introduction to Ethics - PH150 March 17 Professor Aaron Garrett Teaching Fellows Colin Cmiel Stacey Goguen Yoni Porat Friday, March 26, 2010
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Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) • “It is impossible to conceive anything at all in the world, or even out of it, which can be taken as good without qualiFcation, except a good will ,” (GMM , 61) Friday, March 26, 2010
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Moral Imperatives as Categorical Imperatives But where can we fnd commands oF morality? This is part oF what Kant means when he asks “How are imperatives possible?” (84-8) Kant claims that the CI is an a priori , practical, synthetic proposition. It is also universal, unconditional, necessary and rational. Where can we begin to fnd it? ±rom this very Formulation . When conFronted with a maxim we can ask whether it can satisFy the above. IF so, it is potentially a moral maxim. Friday, March 26, 2010
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A Mathematical Analogy Take a maxim M. Is it coherent when we universalize it -- could it accord with a law? Imagine that the CI is a function which makes
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Unformatted text preview: maxims like M universal. If CI(M) does not result in a contradiction then it could be a moral maxim in accordance with a law. If CI(M) results in a contradiction then M cannot be an objective maxim in accordance with a law. A contradiction in conceiving the universalized maxim results in the opposite (or negation), not M, as a potential perfect duty . Friday, March 26, 2010 If there is not a strict contradiction in the attempt to conceive it universally - but it cannot be universally applied - this is a contradiction in application. The result is what Kant calls an imperfect duty . Duties are further distinguished between duties to self and duties to others . Friday, March 26, 2010 Our Duties Derived from the CI Kant gives four examples (pp. 89-91): you shouldnt kill yourself, you should keep promises, you ought to perfect your talents and you ought to help others. Friday, March 26, 2010...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course PH ph150 taught by Professor ?? during the Spring '10 term at BU.

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LECTURE 3_17_2010 - maxims like M universal. If CI(M) does...

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