Midterm%20Review - MidTermReviewfromTextbook History1010

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History 1010 Midterm: October 1, 1010 Key Terms and Concepts  from textbook: Early agriculture o Earliest humans: hunting(men)/gathering(women) o agricultural rev cause of early civilization development o Domestication: controlling animals more reliable than hunting o In the Americas: adapted settled agriculture, still hunted/gathered Development of villages o Begin as clanlike societies of kinship, very simple, circular structures o Population increases advancement in architecture o First villages `irrigation systems to water fields Socially stratified  status decided by birth, not work Development of first cities o Cities first emerged along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the Indus River, and the Nile  River o Fertile soils, access to water for irrigation, and the widespread availability of domesticated  plants and animals allowed the emergence of dense settlements in which labor  specialization and craftwork also formed. o Urban-rural divide  rely on each other for food- urban product exchange o By 3500 BCE o evolved over a period of about 1,000 years, building and rebuilding on the same locations o  meeting places and became devotional and economic centers.  o give homage to gods and their kingly representatives temple at the city’s center and  palaces and other official buildings on the periphery. o  The cities grew and expanded, bound together by a common culture, trade, and a shared  environment, which was shaped by the nearby rivers. Earliest migration and settlement in the Americas o  small villages,  (some locations environmental factors limited the growth of settlements) o  Thousands of small settlements dotted seashores and riverbanks, and similarly in.  o settlements did trade with one another and maintain cultural contacts. Early village life in Europe o Domestication of plants and animals  the migration of individuals in the Mediterranean  region o  In the north, domestication occurred slowly as new crops and animals appropriate for the  colder climes had to be discovered. Agricultural settlements remained small in size, but  overall population rose significantly. o pastoral nomadic communities herded domesticated animals with sizable grazing  requirements o  migrated annually between pasturelands  alongside and trading with settled agrarian  peoples.  o  arid lands of the central Afro-Eurasia steppes  extensive herding of cattle and sheep lands  promoted the horse as a crucial component of survival Early Chinese settlements o emerged more slowly than those in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley. o
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course HIST 1000 taught by Professor Kennington during the Spring '10 term at Auburn University.

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Midterm%20Review - MidTermReviewfromTextbook History1010

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