Sociology notes Test1 - expect ed t o play more e left t o...

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Unformatted text preview: expect ed t o play more e left t o parents –develops individualism taught t o be self-reliant dom? kids self-control, to go against impulsivity n expect ed t o work ed network of careers, develops tr ust n develop strong sense of secur ity n are initially given more freedom Sociology January 15, 2010 The Sociological Imagination Personal troubles & public issues History &biography In order to do so, we have to look: Social structure Society’s place in History Current societal issues The 3 Components of the Sociological Imagination (Eckstein, Schoenike, Delany 2002) Structural Systematic Critical The Sociological Imagination summarizes the sociologist’s goal. 1.) Structural Component: a. Examining societal structures or social forces b. To go beyond individual explanations of human behavior c. Why? our thoughts and actions are shaped and molded by the forces outside the individual. We didn’t have social training, influence of others very apparent. 2.) Systematic Component a. Examining human behavior scientifically b. Avoid making conclusions based on personal anecdotes and experiences c. Scientific view on what society is like d. Look for “expert” or objective opinions derived from scientific studies, reports, etc. 3.) Critical Component a. Relies strongly on systematic component b. Be critical – t ry to evaluate social trends and behaviors more objectively i. Use many perspectives c. Refrain from drawing conclusions based on emotion, ideology, folk wisdom i. We all tend to do this however, which why important to try to ignore Example: how might someone with a sociological imagination look at homelessness differently than someone without one? With: root cause- economic down turn, something wrong in society, may be a personal trouble, If statistics say unemployment level rising its society’s fault w/o: it’s their own fault How might the solutions proposed by these two people differ? Think about discussions you have heard about homelessness. Do most discussions you hear reflect the use of a sociological imagination? Not really, contain many biases and not many different perspectives Types of reality: 1.) Objective reality: comes from acknowledging that a particular social condition exists. a. How important is it b. How should it be approached 2.) Subjective reality: addresses how a problem becomes defined as a “problem.” The social World Model: Understanding sociology requires an understanding of the different levels of analysis- social groups from the smallest to the largest Social Structures Social Units: Interconnected parts of the social World Social Structure: People and groups that bring order to our lives and hold social units together Social Institutions: Provide the rules, roles, and relationships to direct and control human behavior All are interconnected Social Processes: the actions taken by people in social units Process of Socialization: How we learn the social expectations for members of society Process of Change: every social unit is continually changing (constantly involved in...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 001 taught by Professor St.pierre during the Spring '10 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Sociology notes Test1 - expect ed t o play more e left t o...

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