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Exam1 Notes - CMN 170 Exam 2 Study Guide Quart What is free...

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CMN 170 Exam 2 Study Guide Quart What is “free culture”? What is its history and background? - Free culture has a long history - But simply put, it’s an ideology that argues for finding a more balanced copyright law, one under which listeners and readers have as much legal protection as publishers and authors - It is based on an economy of giving : people freely distributing their work and allowing it to be augmented. In return, the givers get knowledge that their work is being creatively used and absorbed by many people What does “fair use” allow? - Fair use allows for the use of preexisting content and images, as long as the new work is a true alteration of the original Be familiar with the Fairey case (and note in-class updates). What upset AP in this episode? - Attribution for the picture of Obama - The AP accused Fairey publicly of copying one of its photographs, without payment or permission - AP was striking back not b/c it was simply censorious, but it had watched, hapless, like so many financially stressed new entities, as its content was siphoned off the Web - In response, Fairey sued AP: argued that he had used freelancer Mannie Garcia’s photograph which Garcia sold to AP “as a visual reference for a highly transformative purpose”. Fairy claimed his work was covered under the fair use exception to the copyright statue What exactly is and isn’t fair use? - Under fair use, one person’s work can be used by another person/organization, but only in certain contexts – in criticism for example. - Using one’s content for criticism rather than attribution What was the original intent of free culture?\ - It comes from the idea of the “gift” – something given by one party to another w/ no direct repayment - Originally, the ideology of free culture, and its more sedate policy-oriented sibling, progressive copyright law, were a way of protecting imaginative citizens from the dauphins of Disney and record labels and the like , who would not let artists and writers and citizens employ the dauphins’ images or songs in their art or commerce - Free culture was meant as a check on the excessive capitalist zeal of entertainment conglomerates that would otherwise lock up all their daughters , from Jane Austen to Snow White. - The term was originally the title of a 2004 book by Lawrence Lessig, but it came to stand in for other movements as well – hacker computing, the access-to-knowledge movement, and the “copyleft” movement, among others. Review the two sides of the free culture issue discussed at the bottom of p.3 of the article 1. Clay Shirky… free culture isn’t the thing that’s killing them, the market is. AP was a “copyright bully” that is “hurting its own brand” by going after Fairey
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2. AP appeared to be positioning itself as the punisher, lobbying for payment from aggregators of original content… AP also threatened a “news blackout” (against Google)… AP would also try to redirect users away from secondary sources that post the AP’s original content. Michael
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Exam1 Notes - CMN 170 Exam 2 Study Guide Quart What is free...

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