Chinese Religions

Chinese Religions - Chinese Religions Agrarian tribes 5000...

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Chinese Religions Agrarian tribes – 5000 BCE Shang Dynasty 1600 BCE – 1122 BCE - North central China - The people of this dynasty were considered to be unique: o Written language that consisted of pictographs/ characters o Metal work – the first people of east Asia to emerge from the stone age o Large, fortified towns, their society was class stratified; warriors were the highest class that ruled over the agricultural peasantry Religion of Family, State, and Nature - Religion of Family o Agricultural rites and sacrifices o Ancestor worship Bronze vessels – earliest artifacts Zu (lineage) – context for worship Patrilinear – descent went through the male line Patrilocal – women left behind their natal family, ceased to worship their own ancestors Patriarchal – all of the decision making and power belonged to the elder men Ancestral temples w/ wooden tablets that represented particular ancestors (food offerings); women were responsible for keeping up the temple Li – system for conduct that is prescribed within Chinese religion Ancestors are consulted by: Oracle bones – animal bones heated with a hot poker until they cracked, the questions were posed to ancestors -
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