Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - Utopia Author Sir Thomas More Year/Time Period 1516 right after the discovery of the New World by Colombus he went to Oxford

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Utopia Author: Sir Thomas More Year/Time Period: 1516 - right after the discovery of the New World by Colombus - he went to Oxford, humanist -> appreciates ancient classics - “Utopia” means “no place” - a fictitious story that is connected to reality through Vespucci - he models the New World after England - instead of being an empty land, it is already full Letters from Mexico Author: Hernan Cortes Year/Time Period: 1519-1522 - First Letter (1519) o Vera Cruz Was founded by Cortes in 1519 No authority to do so The first letter is from the point of view of the people of Vera Cruz o Requerimiento Given by the monarchy to the conquistadors Read to the natives in the Spanish language o Cartas de relaciones All conquistadors had to send them, but Cortes’ letters were a lot longer and more detailed than what was required o Velazquez Cortes worked for Velasquez in Cuba while V. was governor Both criticized each other - Second Letter (1520)
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o entry and description of Tenochtitlan impressed by the city, compares it to Spain the description is in the mindset of a conqueror o meeting with Montezuma the “I am flesh and blood speech” similar to Jesus believes that Cortes and his men are gods - Third Letter (1522) o Siege and re-conquest of the city o Made an agreement with Tlaxcalans, who helped him against the Aztecs Letters of Columbus to Various Persons Author: Christopher Columbus Year/Time Period: 1493 - a complete and utter idiot - sailed around Cuba believing it to be the Indies - thus the name Indians Florentine Codex Author: Bernardino de Sahagun Year/Time Period: 1585 - Franciscan missionary who started a school in Tenochtitlan - Shows Nahuatl next to the English translation The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico Author: Bernal Diaz del Castillo Year/ Time Period: 1576 - was part of Cortes’ expedition - a regular member of the troops
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- written in third person Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies Author: Bartolome de las Casas Year/Time Period: 1542(written) 1552 (published) - Dominican priest - Fought against the mistreatment of the Natives - Black Legend – exaggerating the negative aspects of Cortes and other conquistadors A Description of New England Author: John Smith Year/Time Period: 1616 - advocates hard work and industriousness - settled in Jamestown, but things are rough Generall Historie Author: John Smith Year/Time Period: 1624 - writings about the natives - Pocahontas is rarely mentioned - Powhatan- the chief New World: Terrence Malick (2005) Notes on the State of Virginia Author: Thomas Jefferson Year/Time Period: 1784 - an extremely scientific listing Letters from an American Farmer
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Author: J. Hector St. John de Crevecour Year/Time Period: 1782 - “What then is the American, this new man?” - Climatological Influence: o Sea people: boisterous, bold and enterprising o Middle settlements: cultivation of the earth, industrious, religious indifference, country politics o Woodland people: away from the government and religion, the men
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course ENGL 2823 taught by Professor Coates during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Midterm Study Guide - Utopia Author Sir Thomas More Year/Time Period 1516 right after the discovery of the New World by Colombus he went to Oxford

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