Psych 2000-Learning-Modules 23-25

Psych 2000-Learning-Modules 23-25 - LEARNING HOWDOWELEARN?

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LEARNING
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HOW DO WE LEARN? We learn from experience Adaptability-our capacity to learn new behaviors  that help us cope with changing circumstances We learn by association—we associate behaviors  with context, eventually becomes automatic and  triggers a habitual response Conditioning is the process of learning  associations
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LEARNING: BRIEF OVERVIEW A relatively permanent  change in an organism’s  behavior due to experience.
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ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING Learning that certain  events occur together E.g., when the sky is  dark, it is going to rain 2 types: Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning
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STIMULUS-STIMULUS LEARNING Learning to associate one stimulus  with another (Classical  Conditioning) Example:
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BEHAVIOR-CONSEQUENCE  LEARNING Learning to associate a response (behavior)  and its consequences (Operant Conditioning) We repeat acts followed by good results and  avoid acts followed by bad results
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TODAY’S CLASS Classical Conditioning Learning by Observation
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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Module 23
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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Pavlov’s Experiments Extending Pavlov’s Understanding Pavlov’s Legacy
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BEHAVIORISM The view that  psychology should Be an objective science  Study behavior  without reference to  mental processes Today, the first  objective is agreed  upon, but not the  second.
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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING A type of  associative  learning One learns to link two  or more stimuli and  anticipate events
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IVAN PAVLOV Russian physiologist Researching digestion in  dogs Noticed that dog salivated  when food was placed in its  mouth, but also at the mere  presence of the  experimenter and sound of  footsteps “Psychic secretions”
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PAVLOV’S  EXPERIMENTS
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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING  EXPERIMENT Attached tube to a dog’s mouth to measure  precisely the dog’s salivation. He then rang a bell.
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Psych 2000-Learning-Modules 23-25 - LEARNING HOWDOWELEARN?

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