Psych 2000-Module 24

Psych 2000-Module 24 - LEARNING: PART 2 PSYC 2000 OPERANT...

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LEARNING: PART 2 PSYC 2000
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OPERANT CONDITIONING Module 24
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What is Operant Conditioning? Behavior is strengthened if followed by a reward or diminished if followed by a punishment . Operates on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli
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Topics for Today’s Class Skinner’s Experiments Extending Skinner’s Understanding Skinner’s Legacy Contrasting Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
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Skinner’s Experiments
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B.F. Skinner English major Aspiring writer Went to graduate school for psychology Modern Behaviorism’s most influential and most controversial figure
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Law of Effect Skinner built on this idea first proposed by Throndike . Behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely to occur, and behaviors followed by unfavorable Thorndike Puzzle Boxes
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Operant Chamber Using the law of effect, Skinner developed principles of behavioral control Also referred to as the Skinner box Pull habits out of animals to foster efficient learning
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Class activity!!!!
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Shaping Reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior Successive approximations must receive reward Reinforcement of children’s whining E Ignore child’s request
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Types of Reinforcers Any event that strengthens/increases the frequency of a response E Positive reinforcement E Negative reinforcement E Primary and conditioned reinforcers E Immediate and delayed reinforcers
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Positive Reinforcement Increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli After presentation, response is strengthened Examples E Food E Getting a hug E Receiving a paycheck
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Negative Reinforcement Increasing behavior by stopping or reducing negative stimuli Any stimulus that, when removed after a response, strengthens behavior NOT punishment! Examples: E Hitting snooze on alarm E Taking medicine for a headache E Fastening seatbelt to turn
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Primary Reinforcers Unlearned Innately satisfying Usually satisfies a biological need Examples: E Food E Drink E Sex
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Conditioned (Secondary)
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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Psych 2000-Module 24 - LEARNING: PART 2 PSYC 2000 OPERANT...

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