PSYCH 2000-Psychological Disorders-Modules 48,50,52

PSYCH 2000-Psychological Disorders-Modules 48,50,52 -...

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PSYCHOLOGICAL  DISORDERS: PART 1 PSYC 2000
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TODAY’S TOPICS Introduction to Psychological Disorders (Module 48) Dissociative, Personality, and Somatoform Disorders  (Module 50) Schizophrenia (Module 52)
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INTRODUCTION TO  PSYCHOLOGICAL  DISORDERS Module 48
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WHAT IS A PSYCHOLOGICAL  DISORDER? Deviant, distressful, and  dysfunctional patterns of  thoughts, feelings and  behaviors Differ by culture Varies with time Impairment of daily  functioning and life is key
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PAST UNDERSTANDING OF  ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR Due to strange forces Movement of the stars Evil spirits Godlike powers Treatments Exorcism Beatings Burning Castration Trephination Transfusions of animal blood Pulling teeth
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THE MEDICAL MODEL Disorders have  physical  causes  Can be diagnosed, treated,  and cured through  treatment in a  hospital .
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THE BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL APPROACH All behavior arises from  nature AND nurture Assess whole set of  influences Genetic predispositions Physiological states Inner Psychological  dynamics circumstances
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CLASSIFYING PSYCHOLOGICAL  DISORDERS American Psychiatric  Association rendered a  Diagnostic and Statistical  Manual of Mental  Disorders (DSM)  to describe  psychological disorders.
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DSM:  MULTIAXIAL CLASSIFICATION Psychosocial  or  Environmental Problems  (e.g.,  school or housing issues) Axis IV Global Assessment  of the person’s functioning Axis V General Medical Conditions Axis III Personality Disorders  or  Mental Retardation   (Intellectual Disability) Axis II Clinical Syndromes  (e.g., cognitive, anxiety,  mood, and psychotic disorders) Axis I
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GLOBAL ASSESSMENT OF  FUNCTIONING Number from 1-100 Ask: How precise or objective? Examples: 91-100 Superior functioning in a wide range of activities, life's problems never seem to get out of hand, is sought out by others because of his or her many qualities. No symptoms. . . . 61-70 Some mild symptoms OR some difficulty in social, occupational, or school functioning, but generally functioning pretty well, has some meaningful interpersonal relationships. . . . 21-30 Behavior is considerably influenced by delusions or
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PSYCH 2000-Psychological Disorders-Modules 48,50,52 -...

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