Psych 2000-Thinking and Language Modules 31-32

Psych 2000-Thinking and Language Modules 31-32 - PSYC 2000...

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Unformatted text preview: PSYC 2000 Module 31: Thinking Module 32: Language and Thought Module 31 Thinking, or cognition , refers to a process that involves knowing, understanding, remembering, problem solving, decision making, and communicating.  This is what Cognitive psychologists study. The mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people, defined by common features they share.  Organized into category hierarchies .  Concepts can be formed by:  Definition  But more often— prototype A mental image or best example that incorporates all the features we associate with a category.  The more closely something matches our prototype, the more easily we recognize it as an example. Trial and error  Algorithm  Step-by-step procedure that guarantees a solution  Heuristics  Strategy  What is the cost of the tradeoff between speed and accuracy?  Sometimes we are unaware of using a problem- solving strategy— insight Kerry works at an office where corporate client files are kept in a large series of file drawers, alphabetically by the first letters of the client company name. While working late one night he realizes he can’t find an important file for client named Newco Development that he needs for a meeting in the morning. He knows the file is there somewhere because it was checked in at the file desk. He decides to take a strategic approach to looking for the file by (1) first looking through the entire set of “N” files, (2) then looking through the entire set of “D” files, and (3) then looking through the file drawers on either side of “N” and “D.” What if Kerry instead took the approach that, given the importance of the file, he is going to be as thorough as possible, and systematically look through each drawer until he finds it, beginning with the letter “A,” even if it takes all night? Seventy engineers and 30 lawyers were...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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Psych 2000-Thinking and Language Modules 31-32 - PSYC 2000...

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