Psych-Developing Through the Life Span-Modules 15-16

Psych-Developing Through the Life Span-Modules 15-16 -...

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Unformatted text preview: DEVELOPING THROUGH THE LIFE SPAN: PART TWO Module 15: Adolescence ADOLESCENCE Many psychologists once believed that childhood sets our traits. Today psychologists believe that development is a lifelong process . Adolescence is defined as life between childhood and adulthood. ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT Physical Development Brain Development Cognitive Development Social Development PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Adolescence begins with puberty (sexual maturation). Puberty occurs earlier in females (11 years) than males (13 years). Thus height in females increases before males. BRAIN DEVELOPMENT Until puberty neurons increase their connections; however, at adolescence selective pruning of the neurons begin. Unused neuronal connections are lost to make other pathways more efficient. BRAIN DEVELOPMENT, CONT. Hormonal surges and limbic system may explain teens occasional impulsiveness . Frontal cortex lags behind limbic system development. Setting of priorities Suppressing impulses Weighing consequences COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Reasoning Morality COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Adolescents ability to reason gives them a new level of social awareness . In particular they can think about: 1. Their own thinking. 2. What others are thinking. 3. What others are thinking about them. 4. How ideals can be reached. Criticize society, parents and even themselves. DEVELOPING REASONING POWER Formal operational (Piagets stage) Debate issues Human nature Good vs. Evil Truth and Justice Deeper conception of God and existence Reasoning hypothetically Deduce consequences Detect inconsistencies DEVELOPING MORALITY Being able to discern right from wrong Being able to control impulses Being moral means thinking morally and acting accordingly Kohlbergs moral dilemmas In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. the drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $400 for the radium and charged $4,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money and tried every legal means, but he could only get together about $2,000, which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist which is half of what it cost....
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2010 for the course PSYC 2000 taught by Professor Munson during the Fall '10 term at LSU.

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Psych-Developing Through the Life Span-Modules 15-16 -...

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