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10-Arguements Lecture

10-Arguements Lecture - HONORS 2000 INDIVIDUAL AND...

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HONORS 2000: INDIVIDUAL AND COMMUNITY FALL 2010 Edward Song Department of Philosophy LECTURE 1: CRITICAL THINKING Justice —What do we owe each other; how should our institutions be organized; how we should solve moral dilemmas. Critical Analysis —What is it to think, write, present, and analyze clearly and critically. Lecture Outline I. Introduction: The Devil is in the Details Ideas, arguments, or concepts will appear simple at first glance, but they have different parts, interpretations, and details. What seems simple, upon inspection can reveal itself to be very complex. Appreciation of the complexities is what makes all of the difference in the world. Critical thinking is about the willingness and ability to wade into fine details to uncover the bigger picture. A (Non-Philosophical) Example of Simplicity and Complexity: Music Classical Baroque Bach Solo Violin Bach’s Partita in D minor, The Chaconne
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Churns our endless musical complexity out of simple melodies. Hidden messages; musical epitaph for late wife. Salvation is in the details – it is only through all of the minor details and smaller components, can we truly analyze and understand what is going on. II. What is an Argument? A. What an Argument Is and Isn’t Arguments are not verbal disagreements. An argument is an attempt to defend some conclusion by providing reasons and evidence . B. Kinds of Arguments 1. Inductive —An argument depending upon generalizations. Example: Koreans like spicy food. Ed is Korean. Ed likes spicy food. --Even good inductive arguments can be wrong because generalizations are no always accurate. 2. Abductive —An argument to the best explanation. Examples: Medical or Scientific Explanations Crimical Explanations --Even though Abductive arguments are very sound, they can still be false.
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10-Arguements Lecture - HONORS 2000 INDIVIDUAL AND...

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