10-The Ancient Greeks Lecture

10-The Ancient Greeks Lecture - THEANCIENTGREEKS:...

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THE ANCIENT GREEKS:  Individual and Community GEOGRAPHY OF GREECE— Greece is in the bottom part of Europe, to the East of Italy. THE RISE OF THE POLIS— Polis – A city and the territory that surrounded it; but the Greeks knew it  as the group of people who lived there. Acropolis – Center point of the city. (high citadel) POLIS— Athens – Athenians Community of Citizens  Shared Experiences   “DEMOCRATIZATION” OF WAR— Wider military participation in the fighter, leads to wider political participation. Warfare used to be aristocratic. o They had expensive equipment.  o One warrior vs. another; fighting in one on one combat. o Individual fight. Then the Hoplite (infantry men) emerged. o They wore primitive armor. o They fought as a group, depending on one another. o Formation – phalanx (community fight) o Community fight. COLONIZATION— Increase in population o Increased 7 fold. o Puts lots of demand on the resources. o This lead to colonization. 750—550 BCE o The period of time during which everything changed. Metropolis – the mother city of the colonies. 
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o Maintained close ties because they carried with them the customs, the  traditions, and the Gods that they worshipped.  SPARTA Associated with being austere, rigid, and severe.  Spartans conquered Messenia even though it was much larger in  population than their own. o
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10-The Ancient Greeks Lecture - THEANCIENTGREEKS:...

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