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Biology 113 paper

Biology 113 paper - Dominique Shepherd 1 Stem Cell Research...

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Dominique Shepherd Stem Cell Research: The Modern Breakthroughs; one step closer to a cure Dominique Shepherd Swapna Priya Rajarapu MW 1:30, Spring 2010 1
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Dominique Shepherd Stem cells are cells that can form into any type of cell, they are found in bone marrow, embryos, fetuses, and blood from the umbilical cord. Early in development, a human embryo is made up of a hollow ball of cells called a “blastocyst”. Blastocyst cells divide and eventually develop into all the tissues and organs of a human being, a process called “differentiation.” Embryonic stem cells can be grown in the laboratory from the blastocyst and made to differentiate into nerve, liver, muscle, blood and other cells. Scientist hopes to control the differentiation of the cells to replace cells in diseased organs in human beings. Stem cells are a large focus of study in today’s biomedical world. Stem cell research offers the hope of transplants being done without the sacrifice of another person losing an organ. There are many different pros and cons when it comes to discussing the use of stem cells. Every day there is a new breakthrough involving stem cell research, and soon there could be thousands of cures as a result. This topic is relevant to the course because it is apart of the study of cellular biology and it revolves around the genetic make up of cells and the process of replacing one disease cell with an uninfected cell. How the stem cell can reprogram their DNA through a process called differentiation. Despite all the budget cuts and political turmoil stem cell research has made significant progress over the years. In the first article which is titled For Stem Cells Practice Makes Perfect, the article centers on the breakthroughs that have been made in
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