Study Guide, Team Test #1 SS101
A Perspective in Sociology, which believes society has an affect on
individuals as a whole. In other terms, you are what society forces you to be, not the other
way around. This term was coined by Auguste Comte who believe sociology could be
studied like any other science. Many sociologists such as Durkheim, Berger, Drakulic,
and Mills believe society determines a persons place in life, and their ideals and morals.
The macro perspective falls under the notion, that society determines our social
coordinates, and therefore limits social change.
The micro perspective counteracts the macro perspective, in that
micro sociologists believe societal characteristics reflect the thoughts and perceptions of
individuals. Micro sociology takes the exceptions into consideration, as it works on a
smaller scale. Harold Garfinkel coined the term so he could inquire the methods people
use to make sense of their positions on the social map. Max Weber then backed up the
field through his theory of social action.
Weber, Mills, frued all go through and back up
micro, yet they’re all still macro also.
Defined as the characteristics that determine who we are, ans what
will become of us. Factors such as intelligence, religion, race, sex, economic class are
social coordinates. These factors define a person’s place in the world by giving them a
seat on the social map. Their coordinates can vary between anything that determines your
place in society.
Definition: A map of everyone on society that places them in a specific
place in society.
A social map is a way for sociologist to predict the future of your life.
Its significance lies in that it can be used to determine who a person will become. A
social map can tell where a person will be 20 years down the line. It can predict how long
a person’s life span will be, their moral character, and their eating habits. Of course, this
all relies on a person’s social coordinates. If they are raised in an impoverished
environment a sociologist could infer that they will most likely grow up in a
malnourished environment, live a shorter life, and work in a blue-collar job at best.
The process by which a person develops a sense of personal identity, and
learns the culture of a particular group or society. This is a process that has been observed
over time, and leads to the depiction of several noted theories by famous sociologists
such as Durkheim, Cooley, Mead and Freud. Socialization is how we learn to act within
our society, and how we discover our norms and roles in society. It is important to be
socialized, seeing as how socialization changes a person’s perspectives, allowing them to
live within different societies. If it weren’t for socialization, Ishmael Beah wouldn’t be
able to move from the norms of mass genocide, to the norms of a New York college
student. He was re-socialized to be made into what our society considers a normal person.