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Study Guide test 1

Study Guide test 1 - Study Guide Team Test#1 SS101 Macro...

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Study Guide, Team Test #1 SS101 Macro Perspective- A Perspective in Sociology, which believes society has an affect on individuals as a whole. In other terms, you are what society forces you to be, not the other way around. This term was coined by Auguste Comte who believe sociology could be studied like any other science. Many sociologists such as Durkheim, Berger, Drakulic, and Mills believe society determines a persons place in life, and their ideals and morals. The macro perspective falls under the notion, that society determines our social coordinates, and therefore limits social change. Micro Perspective- The micro perspective counteracts the macro perspective, in that micro sociologists believe societal characteristics reflect the thoughts and perceptions of individuals. Micro sociology takes the exceptions into consideration, as it works on a smaller scale. Harold Garfinkel coined the term so he could inquire the methods people use to make sense of their positions on the social map. Max Weber then backed up the field through his theory of social action. Weber, Mills, frued all go through and back up micro, yet they’re all still macro also. Social Coordinates- Defined as the characteristics that determine who we are, ans what will become of us. Factors such as intelligence, religion, race, sex, economic class are social coordinates. These factors define a person’s place in the world by giving them a seat on the social map. Their coordinates can vary between anything that determines your place in society. Social Map- Definition: A map of everyone on society that places them in a specific place in society. A social map is a way for sociologist to predict the future of your life. Its significance lies in that it can be used to determine who a person will become. A social map can tell where a person will be 20 years down the line. It can predict how long a person’s life span will be, their moral character, and their eating habits. Of course, this all relies on a person’s social coordinates. If they are raised in an impoverished environment a sociologist could infer that they will most likely grow up in a malnourished environment, live a shorter life, and work in a blue-collar job at best. Socialization- The process by which a person develops a sense of personal identity, and learns the culture of a particular group or society. This is a process that has been observed over time, and leads to the depiction of several noted theories by famous sociologists such as Durkheim, Cooley, Mead and Freud. Socialization is how we learn to act within our society, and how we discover our norms and roles in society. It is important to be socialized, seeing as how socialization changes a person’s perspectives, allowing them to live within different societies. If it weren’t for socialization, Ishmael Beah wouldn’t be able to move from the norms of mass genocide, to the norms of a New York college student. He was re-socialized to be made into what our society considers a normal person.
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