Congress

Congress - Congress 19:33 Lecture outline Representation...

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Congress 19:33 Lecture outline Representation Problems of legislative organization The organization of congress How a bill becomes a law How congress decides Additional powers of congress Representation What is it to be represented? o Interest groups, lobbyists, donors, o Constituency o Party’s (partisan influence)  The tradeoff between what the party says, and what the constituency o Congress Congress has seeded power to the presidency, time and time again In passing bills, they might want to maintain, get back, or give away  some of their power Models of representation: o Trustee Representation based on what he/she thinks is better for her  constituency o Delegate
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Representation based on preferences of constituency Agency representation o Representatives are held accountable to their constituents. o Constituents have the power to hire and fire their representatives Politicians are ambitious o Discover preferences of district. Represent effectively.  o Maintain office; run for higher office   Representation: House Vs. Senate Bicameral o Characteristics House- 25 year old at least, 7 years citizenship, 2 year term, depends  on population, tends to be local constituency Senator- 30 years old at least, 9 years of citizenship, 6 years of term, 2  per state, local and national constituency  Senate:  o More deliberative o Individual power; o generalists o Districts are states o “the saucer that cools the tea” – the house is a representative institution,  that acts quickly, the senate says hold on, slow down… we’ve got time…  cool down house o centralized power o stronger leaders
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o specialists o smaller, more homogenous districts o recently, more partisan (they care more about re-election)  Representation: the Electoral System Running for office o Who decides to run? Party leaders pick? o Ambition o Money. Have it or attract it. o Ties to other politicians, interests groups People who are already plugged into the political network of America Incumbency o Holding the office for which one is running o Basically, people who are in office most likely return to office o Members want to stay
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2010 for the course PO SS101 taught by Professor Varat during the Spring '10 term at BU.

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Congress - Congress 19:33 Lecture outline Representation...

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