week 5 - Monday September 20, 2010 Announcements: Quiz...

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Monday September 20, 2010 Announcements: Quiz Wednesday Test next Wednesday Early Dynastic Period in Mesopotamia Writing and Literacy -Early writing system was both -Technological innovations: solved “problems: of growing complexity of economic transactions -Tecnhology of Power: enabled monitoring/surveillance by centralized body -Bullae: clay tokens “envelopes impressed w/ token inside Tokens: long history 9000-1500bc, toys?, standardization ad similarity to later pictographic representations, 200 kinds of tokens, represented commodities and goods Cuneiform: clay tablets, earliest tablets from Uruk ~3400 bc -Pictographic/ideographic -Proto-cuneiform Evolution of Cuneiform -From pictographic to abstract, ideographic system -Representing ideas from a single sign -Through time: reduction of symbols -Approx. 600-700 elements -Accounting lists, lists of professions, geographical names, Bureaucratic and conscious organizations of Mesopotamian world -Standardization of writing importance of writing in Mesopotamian world Uruk Revolution -Confluence of factors leads to rapid expansion of certain settlements and first cities during 4 th millennium BC -Primary social processes not environmental -Ideological/religious: temples -Exchange -Increasing specialization of labor, social differentiation -Intensification of irrigated agri -Technological innovations (writing/metallurgy)
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week 5 - Monday September 20, 2010 Announcements: Quiz...

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