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week 7 - Monday October 4 2010 Announcements-Quiz on Friday...

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Monday October 4, 2010 Announcements: -Quiz on Friday Egyptians civilization: the old kingdom Overview: i. Consolidation of rule: from Archaic to Old Kingdom ii. Egyptians divine kingship iii. Death politics: tombs for the living iv. Technologies of power v. Dimensions of monumentality From the Archaic to Old Kingdom -1 st and 2 nd Dynasties: -unification actually a long process. Conflicting interests among nomes, nomarchs -less urbanism/concentration than in SW Asia -expansion of trade: south to Sudan ivory and ebony, cobber. North to Lebanon cedar, timber Consolidation of Rule -Narmer moved capital from Hierakonpolis to Memphis (eastern bank of beginning of delta) -Memphis remains capital for 1500 years -Dynastic period: 25 dynasties -3 rd through 6 th dynasties: Old Kingdom largest pyramids, massive works, despotic pharaohs Divine Kingship -highly individualized model of ruler ship peaks in old kingdom -Pharaoh at apex of massive hierarchy ruling unified Egypt -A quasi-divine being, mediator b/w supernatural and natural worlds -the maintainer of order in natural and social realms -forecasting the fertility of the season, harvest, and so forth; ruler against chaotic forces -monuments attest to power of old kingdom pharaohs Tombs for the Living (?) -politically speaking, the death of a leader is fraught with risk -since ruler represented ideal order, death of ruler brings potential disorder -death reshuffles personnel, tears social fabric, with uncertain outcome -potential for conflicting claims among surviving kin and competitors -political chickens come with potential for a new pharaoh
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-funerary ritual designed to affirm social norms and values (order), maintain stability and order -actually: funerary ritual creates the social order it pretends to represent - Mummification and Funerary practices -vessel of body to be maintained so that the spitit may visit in afterlife
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