American Constitutional Law I

American Constitutional Law I - 1/19/10 00:17 I. Types of...

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1/19/10 00:17 I. Types of Law A) Constitution 1) Law for Government Only B) Statutory 1) Congress/Legislature C) Common Law 1) Set by precident D) Administrative Law 1) IE: IRS (Tax Law) II. Supreme Court A) Has the final word because their decision carries the weight of law in  the courtroom. 1) Their decisions become precedent for all cases that follow.
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00:17 Torts Torts make policy Different from how legislators/Congress make policy I. Differences Between Congress and Courts A. Courts are passive o 1) Not self-starters Judge cannot make a ruling on anything before a person brings a  lawsuit Congress can self-start B. Courts decide individual disputes o 1) Decisions are bounded by individual disputes ex: Linda Brown from Brown v. BOE, Topeka KS De jure segregation (by law) o 2) Civil Rights Act of 1964 Evidence of Congress’s lack of restrictions C. Legal Process is different o 1) Requirements for courts: Jurisdiction Must fall within court’s Standing to sue Must prove you are directly financially hurt; real stake in case.
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00:17 Restricts ability of Interest Groups to get involved in legal  situations. Specific remedy a. Courts   Ex: Court Order, Monetary Damages Must be specific about how you were hurt and then how that can  be rectified b. Congress   Ex: Pass law Adversarial Process (Courts) a. Evidence a. Courts have specific limitations ex. Hearsay,  b. Congress has no limitations D. Viewpoint o 1) Courts look backwards ie: precedents o 2) Legislators look forwards E. Court not politically accountable o 1) Supreme Court Justices have life terms anti-democratic o 2) Congress has constituency to worry about II. Common Law System A) Means judges’ rulings = law o 1) Rulings become precedent a. Stare decisis – when a court makes a ruling based on a series of  facts, it will stick to same ruling in all future cases dealing with same  facts
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Judicial Review 00:17 I. Judicial Review 
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Judicial Review 00:17 A. Not Constitutionally provided
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2010 for the course POLI SCI 790:401 taught by Professor Wollenberg during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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American Constitutional Law I - 1/19/10 00:17 I. Types of...

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