Final Exam study guide – Spring 2009
1. Know something about each of these jazz musicians
Charles Melvin ("Cootie") Williams
New York, New York
) was an
rhythm and blues
Cootie Williams was renowned for his growling "jungle" style trumpet playing (in the
tradition of trumpeter
Joe "Tricky Sam" Nanton
) and for
his use of the plunger
, and was reputed to have inspired
's use of it.
Rocco Scott LaFaro
(April 3, 1936 – July 6, 1961) was an influential
, perhaps best known for his work with the
Bill Evans Trio
John Francis Anthony "Jaco" Pastorius III
(December 1, 1951–September 21, 1987)
widely acknowledged for his skills as an
electric bass player,
as well as his command of varied musical styles including jazz,
. He is regarded as one of the most influential bass players
of all time.
Bass player (electric) with Weather Report
Changed the direction of jazz bass playing
Imitated just as the great jazz bassists.
Outstanding in four different roles
Interactive approach (ala Scott LaFarro)
Chesney Henry "Chet" Baker Jr.
, December 23, 1929 -
May 13, 1988) was an
Gerry Mulligan (Saxophone)
Used counterpoint as the main focus.
No harmonic instrument was present.
, only used two fingers, addition of the violin, European jazz musician
Belgian gypsy guitarist
1928 - Lost 2 fingers in a fire.
Compensated with a new technique.