jazz notes 4 - Remember the periods of Jazz Early Jazz...

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Remember the periods of Jazz Early Jazz - Ragtime, ODJB, Louis Armstrong, Bix Beiderbecke, Bessie Smith, Sidney Bechet Swing Bebop Cool Jazz (West Coast) Hard Bop Post Bop Free Jazz
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Swing Period Swing Period Began in the late 1920s. Pre-dated by the bands of Fletcher Henderson and early Duke Ellington. Swing was based heavily on dance music.
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Important Developments Arranging became important. Big Band became the standard group. Consolidation of the rhythm section to piano, bass, drums, and perhaps guitar, tuba and banjo died out. Consolidation of the drum set to that as we know it today – Bass drum, snare, hi-hat, tom-tom and cymbals.
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Big Bands Instrumentation: 5 saxophones, 3-4 trumpets, 3-4 trombones, piano, bass, guitar, and drums. Capitalized on the Brass vs. Reeds concept.
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Differences From Early Jazz Swing was played on all four beats instead of 1 & 3. Equal emphasis on all beats. Example - Fletcher Henderson Orchestra The Stampede The Stampede (Recorded 1926) (Recorded 1926) Example – Fletcher Henderson Orchestra Wrappin it up Wrappin it up . (recorded 1934) Stride disappeared, due to addition of the guitar and the strong bass pulse on all four beats.
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Kansas City Swing Style Proponents were Bennie Moten & Count Basie Emphasized swing as the main component. First great rhythm section came out of this band William “Count Basie – Piano Freddie Green – Guitar Walter Page – Bass Jo Jones - Drums
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Count Basie Doggin Around AABA Begins with stride intro Uses Brass vs. Reeds – Call and Response Listen for the backgrounds during solos.
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William “Count” Basie Born Red Bank, NJ, 1904 Stranded in Kansas City, 1927, played in silent movie theatres. Took over and reorganized Bennie Moten’s band in 1935. Style went from stride to very sparse.
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Freddie Green (Father Time) Played in Basie’s Band from 1937- 1987.
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