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10 - Micro Notes Reservoirs refer to initial source or...

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11-4-10 Micro Notes Reservoirs: refer to initial source or location of the disease. It is an environment that has a continuous supply of the microbes. o We divide them into: Inanimate (abiotic) Soil, water , towels, needles Ademate Humans o We are good reservoirs: great temp, full of nutrients. Healthy carrier walking incubator that carries the microbe but never the symptoms Animals that are not humans o Zoonoses- non human disease that exists in other animals but on occasion can be transmittable to humans (EX: Rabies, certain types of influenza swine flu) o If you have a reservoir, you then need to talk about modes of transmission: 1. Direct: where the microbe goes from reservoir directly to the host (STDs) From direct contact with infected animals (anthrax) Tularemia 2. Indirect: you have to come into contact with a: Phomite = inanimate object: towels, drawer handles or a Vector = a living organism that is intermediate in the transfer o Humans, o Arthropods (main/key vector) such as fleas, mice, or ticks o Rodents
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