Lecture13Emotion

Lecture13Emotion - Emotion and Motivation General...

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Emotion and Motivation General Psychology February 23, 2010 Today’s Topics • Emotion – Emotion Expressions – Theories of Emotion – Cognitive Processes in Emotion • Motivation – Theories of Motivation – Hunger Motivation – Sex Motivation Emotion Defined Immediate response to environmental events involving changes in physiology, behavior, and our subjective experience – Differs from mood : diffuse, long-lasting emotional state Subjective Experience Physiology Behavior Emotion
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Two Dimensions: Valence and Arousal Positive valence Negative valence High arousal Low arousal joy Emotions According to Darwin • an organism’s adaptive response to the environment • nonverbal communication "... the young and the old of widely different races, both with man and animals, express the same state of mind by the same movements ." Emotions are adaptive • Fear • Disgust Humans survive better in social groups – Anxiety – Guilt – Embarrassment Emotional Expression • Observable signs of emotional expression – Voice – Body language – Facial expressions • Especially important for humans
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Emotional expressions are adaptive • Indicate your intentions – Friendly • Smile recognizable at throwing distance – Threat displays • Avoid injury What is this person feeling? 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 4. ________ 5. ________ 6. ________ 1 2 3 4 5 6 10 Ekman in New Guinea Ekman’s Conclusions • Evidence for _____ basic emotions with cross-culturally recognized expressions does exist – emotions are biologically driven – Darwin’s view of innate emotions was correct
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Facial Action Coding System (FACS) Insincere Expressions • We can use emotional expressions for our own purposes – To communicate your intentions – To manipulate others FACS: Smiles Duchenne vs. Pan-American smiles “Real” vs. “Fake” smiles http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/surveys/smiles/ Pride Pose of a Champion - bodily expansion with puffed chest or extended arms
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Embarrassment • hiding face or body • blushing • Individuals who show signs of embarrassment after a transgression elicit more sympathy, forgiveness, and laughter from group
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Lecture13Emotion - Emotion and Motivation General...

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