Lecture12SocialDevelopment

Lecture12SocialDevelopment - Lecture 12: Cognitive...

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Lecture 12: Cognitive Development (continued) Social Development Science vs. common sense c Parents should be allowed to visit their hospitalized children. c c Parents should show their children affection and love. c c An infant bonds with his mother solely because she provides him with food c • Early infant-caregiver relationships –History of the research • Animal behavior –Adaptiveness –Attachment • Styles • Adult romantic attachment • Parenting Styles • Moral Development Social Development Outline • Imprinting – Socially bond to and follow 1 st moving object seen – Guides adult mating behavior as well Konrad Lorenz (1930s)
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• Reinforcement Theory of Attachment –Mothers as secondary reinforcers (associated with feeding) • But: Rene Spitz (1940s) –Studied children in: • Sanitized institutions • Prison nurseries Early Views: Harry Harlow (1958; 1965) • Infant monkeys removed from biological mom • Raised with 2 surrogate moms –Wire with food –Cloth with no food Food vs. Contact Comfort? • Parents provide care – But they have busy lives • Socially bonded infants can: An Adaptive Relationship
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• Vary in maturity/immaturity at birth –Amount of parental care needed Animals at Birth – Unpleasant feelings (Lorenz 1950; Gould 1980) – Large head, large eyes, bulging cheeks, small chin, high eye-brows, clumsy movements Infant Care-Getting Tools – emotional bond between newborn and primary caregiver – Evolutionarily adaptive for both • Infant feels secure with caregiver • When security is threatened, infant tries to
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Lecture12SocialDevelopment - Lecture 12: Cognitive...

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