Lecture11CognitiveDevelopment

Lecture11CognitiveDevelopment - Lecture 11: Cognitive...

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1 Lecture 11: Cognitive Development Feb. 11, 2010 Developmental psychology • Development is a life-long process Important principles of developmental psychology c Parents influence children; children influence parents c Children self-select environments • Early experience important, but not only influence • (Not!) nature vs. nurture Studying change over time • __________________ design: c E.g. Looking at Davis freshman, sophomore, junior and senior classes at one time point c Problem of cohort effects • _________________ design: c E.g. Following current freshman class through all 4 years of college c Cohort effects also issue, but better at documenting change
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2 What is cognitive development? What distinguishes different theories? • Domain-general vs. domain-specific • What is the principle source of learning? Jean Piaget (1896-1980) • Cognitive Development –Emerging ability to understand the world • Components of his theory –Constructivism –Schemas –Stage Theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget (1896-1980) • Stagelike • Children aren’t miniature adults! • Domain-general • Constructivist theory c Children actively construct understanding through interactions with world
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3 Constructivism • Learning is an __________ process! – Children participate in own development • Piaget emphasized interactions with ___________ world – Child as “little scientist” • This experience is necessary! • Construct schemas Schema: “doggie” = 4 legged animal with fur Schemas • Theories or models about how the world works • Schemas grow and change (Learning!) –Assimilation –Accommodation _____________________ • Applying old schemas to new experiences –Schema does not change
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This note was uploaded on 11/13/2010 for the course PSY PSY 001 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '10 term at UC Davis.

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Lecture11CognitiveDevelopment - Lecture 11: Cognitive...

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