Lecture2Research+Methods

Lecture2Research+Methods - 1 PSC1: General Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 PSC1: General Psychology January 7, 2010 Lecture 2: Research Methods Todays outline s Common Sense vs. Science s The Scientific Method s Research Methods in Psychology Lessons from Clever Hans s Experimenter bias effects s How do we compensate for biases? b Be skeptical b Blind observers b Test a counter-hypothesis s Controlled observations 2 Problems with intuition s Heuristics b b s Biases b s Wason Task b b What are the Goals of Psychology? Control Explanation Description Prediction The Scientific Method Prediction based on theory and experience Where and how will the data be collected? And revise theory, if necessary Statistics Test of the hypothesis 3 Good scientific theories: s Generate hypotheses s Empirical b Objective measurements s Falsifiable Research Methods in Psychology Psychological Science is Born: Structuralism S Focused on consciousness and introspection S Used introspection to explore the human mind. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) Edward Titchner (1867-1927) 4 Psychological Science is Born: Functionalism s Focused on adaptive FUNCTION of mental and behavioral processes William James (1842-1910)...
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Lecture2Research+Methods - 1 PSC1: General Psychology...

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