cj ch9 - Chapter 9: Courts & Pretrial Processes Dual...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 9: Courts & Pretrial Processes Dual Court System (figure 9.1) Separate state and federal court systems Federal courts deal with matters of federal law State courts deal with matters of state law Native American tribal courts constitute a third system in several states State Court Structure Arranged like a pyramid One court of last resort: Supreme Court Intermediate appellate courts Trial courts (criminal/civil) • Limited jurisdiction ♦ Juvenile courts ♦ Probate/Estate courts ♦ District courts • General jurisdiction: Circuit courts (MI, numbered) Law defines jurisdiction of each Trial Courts Handle determinations of guilt and sentencing Trial courts of limited jurisdiction • Less formal in structure • Handle 90% of all criminal cases • Misdemeanors • Preliminary hearing in felony cases Trial courts of general jurisdiction • Felony cases • Major Civil Cases Civil Actions Occur in the same courts Limited jurisdiction courts District: • Landlord tenant, small claims, some traffic Probate: • Everything is civil, including juvenile proceedings Circuit: • Lawsuits over certain amount, juvenile, domestic relations State Appellate Courts Rights of appeal determined by law Review of previous trial for procedural errors Possible outcomes: Uphold (sustain) original verdict Order a new trial (remand) Remand for sentencing Release defendant State Court of Last Resort (figure 9.2)State Court of Last Resort (figure 9....
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course CJ 110 taught by Professor Maxwell during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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cj ch9 - Chapter 9: Courts & Pretrial Processes Dual...

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